Data and facts
About 58% of the employed population (1.09 million, 2006) live from farming. Fifteen percent work in industry and 27% are in service areas. Agricultural products create 21.7% of the income, industrial jobs 20.4%, and service jobs contribute 58% to the gross domestic product (GDP). The annual income per person is $4,000. US (2012). Twenty-five percent of the people live under the poverty level (2004). The inflation rate in 2010 was 3.4% for consumer prices. The state debt during this time was 53.7% of the GDP. The industrial production had a growth rate in 2007 of 2%.
The state health system
State expenses for the health system climbed from 2.4% of the GDP in 2003 to 2.7% in 2010. (Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, 2011)
For a better comparison, we mention the expenses of Germany in 2009 with 11.6% and Austria with 11.9% of the GDP. (Statistisches Bundesamt Deutchland, 2011/Statistik Austria, 2011) The public health expenditures are similar to those of Kenya.
The life expectancy in Albania in 2004 was 78,93 years (for men, 73.72 years), the mortality rate for newborns was 23 for 1000 births. (Source: Holst, 2007:6).
In comparison, Germany's life expectancy in 2011 was 82.44 years (77.82 years for men), and has a mortality rate of 3.21 for 1000 newborns in 2010. The child mortality rate is more than seven times higher than Germany's.
Numbers of Albanians with Disabilities
There are no reliable figures for people with handicaps. Especially in the countryside, people with disabilities are still hidden from view because of shame. The latest statistical data about Albanians living with disabilities was publicized in 2009. The Manual zur Umsetzung von Standards im sozialen Dienst für Menschen mit Behinderung (Dumanit/Bozo, 2010:1f) stated there were 114,352 people or 3.6% of the population, who are handicapped. In the same report, it was also assumed that the actual rate is most likely double this figure, thus about 7-8%.